GAZA CITY (CNN) — Rockets and shells crisscrossed the skies over southern Israel and Gaza on Thursday as Palestinian militants continued rocket attacks on Israeli civilians and Israel pounded what it called terror sites.
Israel reported three people were killed, and Palestinians reported 18 deaths, including three killed late Thursday. Hamas gave conflicting information as to how many of them were Hamas militants.
At least 300 rockets from Gaza have been fired into Israel since “Operation Pillar of Defense” began Wednesday, the Israeli military said. Israel’s Iron Dome defense system has intercepted 130, the Israel Defense Forces said. The al-Qassam Brigade, Hamas’ military arm, said on its Twitter feed that it had shot 527 projectiles at Israel in that time.
Q&A: Gaza strikes could be beginning of ground attack
One rocket struck an open area near Rishon LeZion, an Israeli city with more than 200,000 residents, the IDF said. It is just south of Tel Aviv.
Also, air sirens went off inside and outside the Israeli Defense Ministry in Tel Aviv. The building was evacuated briefly, and employees were allowed back in when the sirens stopped. An explosion was heard far off in the distance.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was in the building at the time of the evacuation, ministry officials said.
Israel has targeted more than 300 “terror sites” in Gaza, “severely damaging the capabilities of Palestinian terrorist organizations,” the IDF said. The military said it targeted scores of “medium and long range rocket launch and infrastructure sites across the Gaza Strip.” The Navy has taken aim at targets along Gaza’s shoreline, the IDF said.
Sources with Hamas, which controls the government in Gaza, and Palestinian Islamic Jihad gave similar figures, saying that more than 140 strikes have hit Gaza and that scores of rockets and shells have been fired into Israel.
The al-Qassam Brigade said its operatives downed a military drone east of Gaza. An Israeli military spokeswoman told CNN that no IDF aircraft was shot down.
At least three Israelis were killed and four were wounded when a rocket struck an apartment building in the town of Kiryat Malakhi on Thursday, an Israeli police spokesman said.
Israeli military spokeswoman Avital Leibovich tweeted a photo that she said was a baby wounded from a rocket attack in Israel. The baby’s face is blurred, but she appears to be spattered with blood.
The al-Qassam Brigade tweeted a screen shot from Hamas-run al Aqsa TV, showing the mangled body of a child. “Israel’s military kills Palestinian children in cold blood in #Gaza,” the tweet said.
Eighteen people in Gaza have been killed, according to Health Ministry officials.
Earlier, Dr. Asraf el-Qdra of the group Medical Aid for Palestinians said 13 people, including two children, were killed in airstrikes. Of the casualties, nine were Hamas militants, a Hamas source told CNN.
But Hamas spokesman Osama Hamdan told CNN the dead included five children. He identified only two as Hamas militants.
Palestinian officials said more than 120 people have been wounded since the Israeli strikes began this week in Gaza. Israel has reported several people wounded, including another three soldiers injured Thursday morning by rockets from Gaza.
Israel denies attacks linked to upcoming election
Hamdan insisted that Israel “started the war.”
“We are defending ourselves,” he said, arguing that Netanyahu was looking to cement support in advance of an election in two months.
Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak denied that any politics are involved in the decision.
Speaking to CNN, Barak said Israel has destroyed most of the “heavy long range rockets” used by militants in Gaza and is working to “systematically destroy” installations in which other rockets are produced.
“It will take some time,” he said, “and we are not going to stop until the whole thing will dramatically change” — with an end to the attacks from Gaza, he said.
Israeli forces are going after Hamas weapons, storage bunkers, weapons labs and workshops, an Israeli official told CNN. The official has direct knowledge of Israeli plans but declined to be identified because of the sensitive nature of the information.
The Israeli army is moving nearly a division’s worth of troops — perhaps 1,500 to 2,000 — to the border, the official said.
While multiple militant groups are behind the rocket attacks, Israel holds Hamas responsible ever since it took control of Gaza, Barak said.
Hamas’ military wing has claimed responsibility for numerous operations in the past. The U.S. government and the European Union consider Hamas a terrorist organization.
Netanyahu issued a statement Thursday saying, “In recent days and weeks, Hamas and the other terrorist organizations in Gaza have made normal life impossible for over one million Israelis. No government would tolerate a situation where nearly a fifth of its people live under a constant barrage of rockets and missile fire.”
He added, “There is no moral symmetry; there is no moral equivalence, between Israel and the terrorist organizations in Gaza. The terrorists are committing a double war crime. They fire at Israeli civilians, and they hide behind Palestinian civilians. And by contrast, Israel takes every measure to avoid civilian casualties.”
Ghazi Hamad, Hamas’ deputy foreign minister, told CNN that Hamas was sending rockets toward Israel’s population because Israel thinks “that it is easy to kill people in Gaza,” enter the area and “do everything” it wants in Gaza. “We send a message to them that Gaza is not an easy bone. … You can’t eat Gaza in one minute. If you do something, we will react.”
“You should feel that if the people here are not safe, your people in Tel Aviv will not be safe, people in Beer Sheva will not be safe, in Ashdod will not be safe,” he said, naming Israeli cities well beyond the south near Gaza.
Palestinian lawmaker Mustafa Barghouti said the Israeli government has “proven that it is a government of war and not peace.”
“There should be a pressure to stop the attacks and achieve an immediate cease-fire in Gaza,” he said.
Israel is “the oppressor,” not the victim, he said.
Concern over possibility of a ground assault
The sudden increase in violence has raised fears of a widening conflict that could lead to an Israeli ground assault.
Tony Blair, envoy for the Middle East Quartet, which is working to bring about a peace agreement, told CNN on Thursday: “The rockets have got to stop coming out of Gaza, and then the Israeli military action cease. And then we can try and find our way forward. But I don’t think we should be of any doubt at all that if this situation continues and it escalates, it’s going to be really serious and tragic — not just for Israelis and Palestinians, but actually it will cause a huge amount of upheaval right across the region, and this is a region, as you know, that doesn’t require more upheaval right now.”
British Foreign Secretary William Hague issued a statement saying he is “gravely concerned” and calling on all sides to avoid civilian casualties.
“Hamas bears principal responsibility for the current crisis. I utterly condemn rocket attacks from Gaza into southern Israel by Hamas and other armed groups. This creates an intolerable situation for Israeli civilians in southern Israel, who have the right to live without fear of attack from Gaza. The rocket attacks also risk worsening the plight of Palestinian civilians in Gaza, which is already precarious.”
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who leads the Palestinian Fatah movement based in the West Bank, is cutting short a visit to Europe to follow developments of “the Israeli aggression on the Gaza strip,” PLO Executive Committee member Saeb Erakat said.
Hague called on “those in the region with influence over Hamas to use that influence to bring about an end to the attacks. I also strongly urge Israel to do their utmost to reduce tension, avoid civilian casualties and increase the prospects for both sides to live in peace.”
Israel says it has called thousands of residents in Gaza to warn them of strikes and dropped leaflets in Gaza warning Palestinian civilians to “avoid being present in the vicinity of Hamas operatives,” the IDF said.
It also uses “roof knocking” — targeting a building “with a loud but non-lethal bomb that warns civilians that they are in the vicinity of a weapons cache or other target. This method is used to allow all residents to leave the area before the IDF targets the site with live ammunition.” And “whenever possible,” the IDF said, it “singles out terrorists and targets them in a way that will endanger few or no bystanders.”
United Nations condemns violence
The U.N. Security Council held an emergency closed-door session late Wednesday about the crisis.
International diplomats hope to stave off a repeat of Israel’s widely condemned 2008 assault that saw its forces go into Gaza after a similar spate of rocket attacks by Palestinian militants.
“In short, the message that must resonate from this meeting is ‘the violence has to stop,'” Hardeep Singh Puri, president of the Security Council for November, told reporters.
Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, meanwhile, called the violence a sign of “Israeli aggression,” the semiofficial Anadolu Agency reported.
Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich, on Twitter, said Russia “is concerned about the deteriorating situation in Gaza; the increased use of force is unacceptable.” He said Russia urges “all sides to end the military confrontation immediately.”
Roar of planes followed by ‘kaboom’
At one point Thursday morning, 13 rockets were fired in quick succession from Gaza into Israel. “You can see the trail of smoke,” said CNN’s Sara Sidner, reporting from the Israeli side of the Erez Crossing on Gaza’s northern border.
Sidner and a CNN film crew were forced to take cover after rockets struck near the border crossing. “Military here says it appears the crossing is being targeted,” she said.
Later, reporting from Gaza City, Sidner said, “We’re seeing airstrikes, huge plumes of black smoke in many parts of the city. You hear the plane, the rumble sound, the ‘kaboom,’ and then airstrikes.”
On Wednesday, an Israeli strike killed Ahmed al-Jaabari, the chief of the al-Qassam Brigade, according to Israeli and Palestinian officials. The brigade then threatened the Israel Defense Forces on its Twitter feed.
It wrote: “@idfspokesperson Our blessed hands will reach your leaders and soldiers wherever they are (You Opened Hell Gates on Yourselves).”
Riyad Mansour, the Palestinian representative to the United Nations, said the killing amounted to an assassination.
“We condemn the killing of any Palestinian, regardless of their political affiliation,” he said.
U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta spoke with Barak, the Israeli defense minister, in the last few days, a U.S. defense official said.
“They spoke about unacceptable attacks by Hamas and other groups in Gaza, and Panetta expressed the U.S. view that Israel has the right to defend itself,” the official said.
Egypt watches with interest
The escalating violence is likely to further erode Israel’s fragile relationship with Egypt, which recalled its ambassador to Israel on Wednesday in protest over the ongoing strikes. It also delivered a formal protest to the Israeli government.
On Thursday, when asked by CNN’s Hala Gorani if treaties between Egypt and Israel are in danger, the chief of the Egyptian presidential cabinet said no.
“Not at all. Because we have declared several times, repeatedly, that we abide by our international commitments,” Mohamed Refa’a al-Tahtawi said. “But respecting a peace treaty does not mean to stay idle or indifferent to what is going on along our borders.
President Barack Obama spoke with Netanyahu and Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy about the crisis in Gaza, Susan Rice, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, said during Wednesday’s Security Council meeting, according to a readout provided by the United States.
“President Obama told Prime Minister Netanyahu that he understands and supports Israel’s right to self-defense in light of countless rocket attacks on Israeli civilians being launched from Gaza. The President urged that Prime Minister Netanyahu make every effort to avoid civilian casualties, and agreed that Hamas needs to stop the attacks on Israel and allow the situation to de-escalate,” she said.
Rice said Obama also spoke with Morsy, “given Egypt’s critical role in regional security.”
“Both agreed that everyone’s interests are best served by ensuring that this situation does not escalate,” she said.
Netanyahu, in his statement Thursday, said he wanted to “express my appreciation once again to President Obama for his unequivocal clear sided support for Israel’s right to defend itself.”
He also expressed appreciation to other leaders he had spoken with, including French President Francois Hollande, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, European Union Foreign Minister Catherine Ashton and Blair. “I want to thank them for their understanding of Israel’s need to defend itself, and Israel’s right to defend itself,” Netanyahu said.
CNN’s Sara Sidner and Talal Abu-Rahma reported from southern Israel and Gaza City; CNN’s Josh Levs and Chelsea Carter reported from Atlanta; journalist Per Nyberg and CNN’s Saad Abedine also contributed to this report.
™ & © 2012 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.